Saltar al contenido principal

Repara tus cosas

Derecho a reparar

Tienda

Introducción

Internet Recovery tiene varias aplicaciones útiles. Esta guía te mostrará cómo usar Internet Recovery para instalar una copia nueva de macOS en una unidad SSD en blanco o dañada.

"Internet Recovery" sólo está disponible en computadoras Apple fabricadas después de 2009. Si tu computadora se lanzó en 2010 o 2011, es posible que tengas que actualizar a la última versión de macOS para habilitar Internet Recovery".

  1. Apaga la computadora.
    • Apaga la computadora.

    • Si estás instalando MacOS en una nueva unidad con recuperación por internet, puedes saltarte este paso.

    I thought this guide is for a completely new SSD, but in this example MacOS appears to already be running. Is the target SSD connected internally via SATA or is this guide for a USB based second SSD that will also run the OS?

    In the latter case, is the intent to run internet recovery on the new SSD and then open the machine up and connect it directly, replacing the old disk?

    orun bhuiyan - Contestar

    Sorry for the confusion, Orun! The new SSD guide shares a few steps with the general “boot to internet recovery mode” guide. If you’re installing MacOS to a new drive, you can skip this step. :)

    Taylor Dixon - Contestar

    Just to clarify, I have a late 2009 MacBook 6,1 running El Capitan and will be upgrading to a new SSD. Will Internet recovery work with this computer? The article states “after 2009”. Also I want to upgrade to High Sierra at the same time is there an option to select which OS or how does it decide?

    nathan davis - Contestar

  2. Cuando la computadora esté completamente apagada, presiona el botón de encendido, entonces presiona y mantiene inmediatamente la combinación de teclas cmd + option + R.
    • Cuando la computadora esté completamente apagada, presiona el botón de encendido, entonces presiona y mantiene inmediatamente la combinación de teclas cmd + option + R.

    Does this option still work if using a Bluetooth keyboard?

    Chad Neumann - Contestar

    Chad, this option should still work if using a bluetooth keyboard. If you’ve paired the keyboard to the computer already, then it should connect quickly enough to register the keypresses. That said, it’s definitely less reliable than using a wired keyboard! And every bluetooth keyboard is different—one might work, and another might not. Good luck!

    Taylor Dixon -

    In my case, the SSD was completely new, and the only way I got internet recovery to work was to press Cmd+Opt+Shift+R, which installs the macOS version which came with my Mac (a Late 2012 21.5’’ iMac).

    Adrià - Contestar

    If you have a PC/Windows keyboard plugged in, then use Window+Alt+R for youngest compatible Mac-OS download.

    Ian Kjos - Contestar

    MacBook 2009 A1342 DOES NOT WORK, it always shows the ‘folder’ with a ? inside and there is nothing i can do. +, i already bought a copy of Lion 10.7 on app store but cant access it either HELP PLEASE ;-)

    Simon Saint-Pierre - Contestar

  3. Cuando la animación del globo rotando aparezca, puedes soltar las teclas. El globo rotará mientras el modo Internet Recovery se inicia. Si no estás usando una conexión cableada a internet, un cuadro de elija conexión aparecerá. Usa este menú para conectar la computadora a una red WiFi.
    • Cuando la animación del globo rotando aparezca, puedes soltar las teclas.

    • El globo rotará mientras el modo Internet Recovery se inicia. Si no estás usando una conexión cableada a internet, un cuadro de elija conexión aparecerá. Usa este menú para conectar la computadora a una red WiFi.

    when i want to input wifi password the keyboard is not working

    pika - Contestar

    Mine just gets stuck at WiFi connection…

    Kelly Cairns - Contestar

    Hi.

    In this step choosing the network I can't type my password to get my connexion.

    It shows me locked.

    Thanks

    Francisco

    Francisco Hernandez - Contestar

    Hi,

    In this step after connecting to WIFI it will be there forever no progress. If I click on another network it’s getting error’ed out with a globe and exclamation mark in it and error is “apple.com/support -1005 F”.

    Please assist me with some information on how to overcome this phase.

    Raghu.

    raghuvaran45.rv - Contestar

    -3511 F Eror , whats does it means?

    Shuhrat Safarov - Contestar

    Mine is stuck flashing a folder with a question mark on it. Now what?

    lauren borkowski - Contestar

    cant get passed folder with ? mark inside PLS HELPà

    Simon Saint-Pierre - Contestar

  4. Cuando una conexión a la red haya sido establecida, una barra de progreso aparecerá debajo del globo que rota.
    • Cuando una conexión a la red haya sido establecida, una barra de progreso aparecerá debajo del globo que rota.

    Coloco la clave wi fi la reconoce pero no me carga nada, se queda conectado pero sin cargar nada

    federicorabanez - Contestar

    de que año es la maquina? Podría ser que la red no tiene conexión? Tal vez pueda probarlo con una conexión por cable.

    Taylor Dixon -

    Coloco la clave wi fi, y la reconoce pero el globo continua rotando hasta que se detiene y muestra error casi que indefinidamente. Algunas veces se congela y muestra error 2002F… no se que hacer

    Luis Hartmann - Contestar

  5. Cuando el modo Internet Recovery se cargue, verás la pantalla de recuperación de macOS.
    • Cuando el modo Internet Recovery se cargue, verás la pantalla de recuperación de macOS.

    After I entered password and loaded up internet recovery a Question Mark appears and flashing. What do I do next?

    Dennis Fessler - Contestar

    Never mind. When I tried a second time it went to the Disk Utility. I was able to complete the process.

    Dennis Fessler - Contestar

    Quanto tempo ci mette di solito a ricaricarsi Internet Recovery ???

    Betty Bi - Contestar

    Apple und die Time Maschine die alles kaputt macht. Statt Itunes hätten sie lieber die Time Maschine raus nehmen sollen aus Catalina Betriebssystem Apple

    Planet der Giganten - Contestar

    mi Mac lleva más de una hora y está hasta la mitad de la barra

    Matías Fonseca५ప - Contestar

    A mi me carga hasta la mitad luego se reinicia,mi máquina tiene el problema que se reinicia constantemente pero me deja acceder al modo seguro

    asesino97ful - Contestar

    Can I backup data from internet recovery to an external drive before reinstalling operating system?

    Sara - Contestar

  6. Antes de poder instalar MacOS en la nueva unidad, tendrás que formatear la unidad para que el instalador pueda reconocerla. Abre Disk Utility en el menú de recuperación, selecciona la unidad y haz clic en el botón Borrar hacia la parte superior de la ventana de la Utilidad de disco. Inventa un nombre para la unidad y asegúrate de que el formato esté configurado como Mac OS Extended (Journaled) o APFS. Si hay una opción "Scheme", elige GUID Partition Map.
    • Antes de poder instalar MacOS en la nueva unidad, tendrás que formatear la unidad para que el instalador pueda reconocerla.

    • Abre Disk Utility en el menú de recuperación, selecciona la unidad y haz clic en el botón Borrar hacia la parte superior de la ventana de la Utilidad de disco.

    • Inventa un nombre para la unidad y asegúrate de que el formato esté configurado como Mac OS Extended (Journaled) o APFS. Si hay una opción "Scheme", elige GUID Partition Map.

    • Si no ves tu unidad en la lista del menú de la Utilidad de disco, selecciona Mostrar todos los dispositivos en la sección Ver de la barra de menú.

    • Una vez formateada la nueva unidad, pulsa Comando + Q para salir de la Utilidad de disco y volver al menú de recuperación.

    Bought the OWC recommended drive from fixit (for 2012 Macbook air) and it was pre-formatted—so was able to move right on to restoring from time machine backup — worked great!

    David Kittlesen - Contestar

    When can I use Time Machine to restore my data. Can I use it in this step or I have to install MacOS first, then use time machine?

    ahmad albulihy - Contestar

    Ahmad, I was under the impression that you needed to install MacOS before you can restore a time machine backup. That said, now that you ask I am not sure! It could be possible to restore your data and the OS with Time Machine. If you already have a TM backup at this step, give that a try and let me know how it goes.

    Taylor Dixon -

    I’m upgrading to a SSD on my 2011 iMac, running MacOS High Sierra. Updating to Catalina is prevented by the age of the computer.

    Should I choose APFS as the format for the new SSD, rather than Mac OS Extended (Journaled)?

    It appears to be compatible with High Sierra, and some quick research indicates that APFS is meant to be optimised for flash based storage like an SSD.

    Andy Waller - Contestar

    I think I’ve answered my own question. After futher reading of this article. I’m going to stick with MacOS Extended (Journalled) to ensure that I maintain compatibility with my existing Time Machine backups to the new drive. Its also mentioned that during installation of High Sierra, it will decide which disk format is more appropriate automatically.

    It would certainly be interesting to see how much faster APFS is for SSDs.

    Andy Waller -

    I bought the recommended OWC SSD, but mine isn’t recognized by my 2015 (early) MacBook Air 13”. I installed the new drive into an OWC Envoy Pro, with the intent of cloning the original drive onto the new drive, then installing the new drive into the computer, and sticking the original drive into the Envoy Pro. Is this what I’m doing wrong, should I just install the new drive into the computer, and move the original drive into the Envoy Pro?

    Robb M - Contestar

    UPDATE: In response to my question - yes, I was doing it wrong. I just installed the new drive into my MacBook Air, and used Internet recovery to format the new SSD. It worked great.

    I differed, though, from the instructions here. The article recommends to use internet recovery to install the OS, and then use super duper to replicate the original (cloned) drive onto the new drive. Except when I went to install the OS using Internet Recovery, it was going to install Catalina, which I don’t want to do. (Catalina doesn’t support Aperture, which is my favorite Apple application). So instead of using internet recover for that, I used Utilities to restore the original drive onto the new drive. It worked perfectly.

    Robb M -

    I got a problem, says Operation failed. The volume couldn’t be unmounted because it is in use by the process 637(hextcache)

    Couldn’t unmount disk.:(-69888)

    Karnasc - Contestar

  7. De nuevo en el menú de recuperación, selecciona Instalar macOS .
    • De nuevo en el menú de recuperación, selecciona Instalar macOS .

    Can I choose which OS version to install at this point? I will want to install Mojave, but since there’s a newer OS (Catalina) out now will that version be installed without giving me a chance to choose?

    Lee Wolf - Contestar

    Lee, unfortunately I do not think this interface will let you install older versions of macOS—it just automatically grabs the newest version. If you want to install Mojave, you’ll have to make a USB installer!

    Taylor Dixon -

  8. Sigue las instrucciones de instalación de macOS, seleccionando el disco recién formateado como objetivo de la instalación. Sigue las instrucciones de instalación de macOS, seleccionando el disco recién formateado como objetivo de la instalación.
    • Sigue las instrucciones de instalación de macOS, seleccionando el disco recién formateado como objetivo de la instalación.

Conclusión

Tu computadora puede reiniciarse varias veces durante la instalación del MacOS. Una vez completada la instalación, puedes utilizar el asistente de migración para transferir datos de tu antigua unidad al nuevo.

83 personas más completaron esta guía.

Un agradecimiento especial a estos traductores:

100%

¡ Mariana nos está ayudando a reparar el mundo! ¿Quieres contribuir?
Empezar a traducir ›

Taylor Dixon

Miembro Desde 26/06/18

43,641 Reputación

91 Guías creadas

Equipo

iFixit Miembro de iFixit

Community

133 Miembros

14,596 Guías creadas

Perfect, it is soooooo easy

Cheers

Michael

Michael Clark - Contestar

Super easy

just be super careful with the pentalobe screws, easy to cam out and strip the heads

be sure driver is engaged and apply more down force then you would think before turning

igolten - Contestar

Hi there, will this work when upgrading an Early 2011 Macbook Pro with a new SSD and RAM? I don’t want to keep or clone any data that I currently have on the computer. I just want to do a clean install of MacOS without transferring over any old files. Thank you!

Fiona B. - Contestar

Fiona, the Early 2011 MacBook Pros didn’t ship with internet recovery, but as long as it had a recent-ish version of MacOS before the SSD upgrade the firmware should have updated, which enables internet recovery! This is a great method for installing a fresh copy of MacOS to a new SSD.

Taylor Dixon -

Hello. Thank you for the article Taylor. I use a MBP 9,2 and wish to replace my ageing 500GB HDD with 500GB SSD and undergo a clean install of macOS. I’ll follow this article and install by the Internet Recovery method. I have a Time Machine backup, from which I want to restore only certain files and folders pertaining to my studies and work. I also want to restore only Keychain. Can you advise me regarding these or direct me by providing helpful links? Thank you.

Rohit Sorkhel - Contestar

My situation:

(a) Running Mojave on early 2015 MBP, original SSD

(b) Want to upgrade SSD to 1TB

I was planning to:

(1) replacing the SSD,

(2) install Catalina on new SSD from internet using this guide, and

(c) then restore my other apps and user data from my Time Machine backup.

Would that work or should I anticipate some hiccups, especially with step (c). Also my Time Machine backups can they still be written to the same network location as my current location?

Sriram Karra - Contestar

Last time I upgraded a Mac HD with SSD I lost the ability to continue to upgrade the OS, so that Mac is stuck in the past. I resorted to an older Mac that has latest OS but now hard drive is failing there. If I do this upgrade, will I again lose the ability to upgrade to latest OS (and maybe even end up going backwards from the current one (10.15.7) ?

Benjamin Huygir - Contestar

I could not reinstall OS vis internet recovery - MacBook Pro 13” mid 2010. I tried all three ways in internet recovery but had no prevail. Any suggestion will be appreciated

Prince Ren - Contestar

Super, merci beaucoup.

d.balkwill - Contestar

I put in new hard drive, pressed the power button and held down the option- command- R buttons and a file with a question Mark has popped up. Now what?

lauren borkowski - Contestar

Is it work on Hackintosh catalina?

midhilaj m - Contestar

Hey, does this works nowadays in 2021 with a Vintage Mid 2010 iMac 27”. I heard that given the model becomes vintage by Apple, there is no more support, and that includes the Internet Recovery mode. Is that truth? Are there any other way to install a fresh copy of the last supported OS version for this mac (High Sierra) ? I don’t know but maybe a bootable pen drive?

Juan Pablo González - Contestar

I keep getting “can’t download the additional components needed to install Mac Os X.” Please advise

Mayra Terrones - Contestar

Great instructions! I followed them but my issue is that my external backup is for High Sierra but my Mac base offers Lion as my option. After selecting a restore point on the external SSD and transferring the data all I have is Google chrome that isn’t working and none of the apps appear on my screen. Did I miss a step?

Larry Womac - Contestar

I been trying to install it, but it keep returning to the installation process, it seems like a infinite loop at the installation.

What should I do to finish the installation please.

My macPro Late 2013 retina A1502, I was using high sierra before, my ssd has broken in 2017, since then I was using the external HD.

Vagner Pereira - Contestar

Tried to install in my 2010 MBP

it won’t let me format the disk so it can be read. help !? Please

jose caro - Contestar

Agregar Comentario

Ver Estadísticas:

Ultimas 24 horas: 230

Ultimos 7 días: 1,806

Ultimos 30 días: 8,526

Todo El Tiempo: 81,388